Lake Nakuru, at a glance
Located in the Great Rift Valley, Lake Nakuru sits at an elevation of 1,745 m, and it is famous for the vast numbers of flamingos that feed off its algae. Lake Nakuru varies in size according to rainfall, and its surface area varies between 5-45 km².
The park lies south of Nakuru, the fourth-largest settlement in Kenya. Feeding pressures and pollution have reduced the flamingo population in recent years, but there are now signs of recovery.
Lake Nakuru National Park is also home to a large rhino population. These beasts can often be spotted lazing under the shade of the luscious acacia trees that surround the lake.
Surrounded by waterfalls, cliffs, and forests, the lake is a vital water source for zebra, buffalo, and the endangered Rothschild giraffe.
Where does Lake Nakuru National Park fit into my Kenyan adventure?
Lake Nakuru’s flamingos are the park’s primary attraction. However, you also have the chance of seeing a broader variety of species, including rhinos, giraffes, and leopards.
Just a 3.5-hour drive from Nairobi along the Nairobi-Nakuru Highway, Lake Nakuru National Park is easily accessible from the capital.
Wildlife at Lake Nakuru National Park
Lake Nakuru National Park supports a spectacular array of wildlife, including 400 bird species, over 50 mammal species, and over 50 species of flora.
In 1987, the park was declared a rhino sanctuary, and the park’s white and black rhinos have thrived in recent years. In 2009, the park was home to over 25 eastern black rhinoceroses and around 70 southern white rhinoceroses.
However, Lake Nakuru is most famous for the flocks of up to 2 million greater and lesser flamingos that nest on its shores.
In 1977, the endangered Rothschild Giraffe was introduced to the park. These giraffes were relocated from western Kenya for their protection, and Lake Nakuru is now home to a healthy population of Rothschild Giraffes.
You can also expect to see waterbuck, Cape buffalo, hyenas, and hippos. Fortunate adventurers may get a glimpse of lions, cheetahs, and leopards. Leopard sightings have increased in recent years.
Large pythons inhabit the park’s woodland, and you may see them hanging from trees.
Top 5 things to do in Lake Nakuru
Lake Nakuru National Park is a great place for safari game drives.
The lake supports a vast eco-system, and the park contains a wide variety of habitats, from wetlands to grasslands to dense forest.
Flamingos, rhinos, and giraffes are the easiest animals to spot around the lake, but buffalos, zebras, lions, and leopards can sometimes be spotted.
This cliff is an excellent viewpoint, and it overlooks the entire valley. Baboon Cliff derives its name from the groups of baboons that are known to roam in the area.
The cliff is a great spot for a scenic picnic and there are several picnic benches at the top. However, you should take care when you are eating since the baboons have been known to steal food.
The views from Baboon Cliff are at their best in the morning, with crisp clear skies and the haze from the morning sun lighting up the panoramic view.
There are several great hiking trails around baboon cliff for those wanting to stretch their legs, and the cliff itself is easily accessible by car.
The Out of Africa viewpoint is the most impressive viewpoint in the park.
A short hike is required to reach the viewpoint, involving some steep sections up the rocky path and the trail is significantly steeper than the one that leads to Baboon Cliff.
The viewpoint was made famous by the 1985 film 'Out of Africa', and it derives its name from this Hollywood appearance.
Makalia Falls is a small waterfall in the southern part of Lake Nakuru National Park, and they are easily accessible via a short drive from the park’s gates.
The falls has a seasonal flow, and it can grind to a halt during the dry season. The falls has a height of around 10m, and they are fed by the Makalia River.
Although Makalia Falls is not the most dramatic waterfall in the world, it is a great spot for a light hike or an afternoon picnic.
Cycle with the Rhino is an annual event at Lake Nakuru National Park. Every year, hundreds of people come together to cycle around the entire park to raise money for community-based conservation projects in the park.
Despite its name, the event raises money for a range of conservation projects, such as the construction of a perimeter fence to reduce poaching and human-wildlife contact.
18km of the baboon-proof fence have been erected since fundraising began in 2003.
The park entrance fee is around $60 USD for adults and $35 USD for children. You can only pay by card on arrival. If you have booked your trip with us, all entrance fees are included in your trip price.
Getting to Lake Nakuru National Park
If you are driving from Nairobi, you can travel along the Nairobi-Nakuru Highway. The drive takes around 3.5 hours, and you will drive along a mixture of tarmac and gravel roads. From the town centre at Nakuru, it is a further 4km to the entrance gate to the park.
If you are coming up from the Maasai Mara, you can use the Nderit Gate entrance on the west side of the park.
It is also possible to fly to from Nairobi, and the flight from Jomo Kenyatta International Airport Lake Nakuru to the Naishi Airstrip takes just 25 minutes.
When to visit Lake Nakuru National Park?
The best time to visit Lake Nakuru National Park is during the dry seasons. June to October is the long dry season, and January to March is the short dry season.
During the dry seasons, many of the smaller watering holes dry up, causing animals to gather at Lake Nakuru for water. This significantly increases your chances of wildlife sightings.
Accommodation in Lake Nakuru National Park
Flamingo Hill Tented Camp: Located in the north of the park, this exclusive camp offers 25 furnished tents which have sweeping views over Lake Nakuru. Each tent includes 2 four poster beds, an en-suite with a shower, and a private veranda that overlooks the plains of Lake Nakuru National Park.
Makalia Camp: Situated in the south of the park next to Makalia Falls and a small river that flows into Lake Nakuru, this camp has a great location. This public campsite is a good budget option.
Rhino Campsite: This popular camp is situated 38km from the main gate of Lake Nakuru National Park. You can choose between a farmhouse which has 4 comfortable rooms that can house up to 10 guests, and a well-maintained camp site.
Mbweha Camp: Located on the southern border of the park, this luxury camp is a great base for your adventures. Nestled within vast acacia trees and thick vegetation, the lodge has a pool and 10 rustic cottages with thatched roofs. The camp offers a range of activities and you can even try a gourmet bush lunch.
Lakira Camp Nakuru: An intimate and quiet lodge, masked away in trees and foliage of the park. The discreet location gives you a better chance of coming closer to the wildlife. This luxurious camp has scenic views of the glistening lake and has a more classic bush-camp aesthetic.
Lake Nakuru Lodge: An eco-friendly lodge which offers sweeping views of the verdant countryside that surrounds the lake. Its restaurant serves a delicious menu of Indian, African, and American dishes.
Lake Nakuru FAQs
Lake Nakuru is famous for the vast number of flamingos that nest on its shores. Up to 2 million greater and lesser flamingos nest at Lake Nakuru to feed on its rich supply of algae.
Lake Nakuru is a great standalone daytrip for time conscious travellers who do not have enough time to visit Kenya’s most popular national parks. Just a 3.5-hour drive from Nairobi along the Nairobi-Nakuru Highway, Lake Nakuru National Park is easily accessible from the capital, and it is a great spot for a picnic.
For travellers who live outside of East Africa, the park entry fee is US$60 for adults and $35 for children and students at the time of writing. The entry fee is only valid for 24 hours after purchase.
Lake Nakuru is located in the Great Rift Valley and it sits at an elevation of 1,745m. If you are driving from Nairobi, you can travel along the Nairobi-Nakuru Highway. The drive takes around 3.5 hours, and you will drive along a mixture of tarmac and gravel roads. From the town centre at Nakuru, it is a further 4km to the entrance gate to the park. If you are coming up from the Maasai Mara, you can use the Nderit Gate entrance on the west side of the park. It is also possible to fly to from Nairobi, and the flight from Jomo Kenyatta International Airport Lake Nakuru to the Naishi Airstrip takes just 25 minutes.
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